Mycoform Surface:
Multi-Curved Mycelium Mushroom
Structure

Credits: Principal Investigators:
Mitchell Joachim, Oliver Medvedik,
Melanie Fessel
Team: Maria Aiolova, Ellen
Jorgenson, Shruti Grover, James
Schwartz, Josue Ledema, Tania
Doles, Philip Weller, Greg Pucillo,
Shivina Harjani, Jesse Hull, Peter
Zhang, Matthew Tarpley, Amanda O’
Keefe, Bahar Avanoglu, Ipek
Avanoglu, Brent Solomon, Pedro
Galindo-Landeira, Yinan Li, Sophie
Fabbri.
Sponsor: Ecovative
Terreform ONE + Genspace


WHY GROW A SURFACE? These
prototypes for a mycoform surface
system occupy the intersection of
parametric CAD design and synthetic
biology. Their multi-curved shapes
are designed and cut digitally, but
the segments are grown from strains
of fungi into the specific 3D
geometries of the piece. Mycoform is
a product grown from ordinary
biological matter and added to
precise compacted forms of inert
waste. We use polypore fungal
species (in this case the fungus
Ganoderma lucidum) that possess
enzymes to readily digest a wide
variety of cellulose based agricultural
byproducts. The internal filler is
made up of mycelia substrate, a
combination of discarded wood
chips, gypsum, oat bran, which is
consumed by mycelia and then
hardened into a tough, durable
functional material. The external skin
is bacteria cellulose. The mycelia
substrate and bacterial cellulose
integrate to become a hard
biopolymer that is suitable for
architectural applications. This low-
tech, low energy process is pollution
free, and contains a low embodied
energy as part of a local ecosystem.
The technology is easily transferable
to the developing world. At the end
of the useful product life cycle,
Mycoform can be composted and
safely reintroduced back into the
environment, where it can be
naturally biodegraded.
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